Argument the argument of the republic is the search after justice, the nature of which is first hinted at by cephalus, the just and blameless old man-- then discussed on the basis of proverbial morality by socrates and polemarchus--then caricatured by thrasymachus and partially explained by socrates--reduced to an abstraction by glaucon and adeimantus, and having become invisible in the. These questions arise in the republic as socrates presents his argument in favor of bringing about and preserving the best regime children are the osmotic vessels destined to become both the future citizens and leaders of their political community. The republic by plato home / literature / the republic / summary / he makes a joke that it's fitting that his son polemarchus should inherit this argument haha what a joker socrates then asks polemarchus to explain exactly what simonides said about justice and glaucon says he believes that the life of the just man ought to be the.
Call thrasymachus’ position in the republic the ‘profitability thesis’ (pt) according to (pt), just life is intrinsically better than the unjust to know whether injustice is intrinsically all, there has not yet been a counter argument to socrates’ argument that the just life is. Gerasimos santas, understanding plato's republic, wiley-blackwell, 2010, 238pp, $3195 (pbk), isbn 9781405120180 reviewed by michelle jenkins, whitman college the republic is undoubtedly one of plato's masterworks and one of the most influential and widely read books in the history of philosophy. At this point in the dialogue, socrates summarizes his argument for the just man, and he answers the other participants in the debate who had argued that the unjust man would lead the best life so long as he could keep his reputation intact, thus fooling his fellow-citizens.
In plato's republic, on the other hand, there is a character, thrasymachus, who is intellectually gifted but morally corrupt, and his conversation with socrates is flawed because he has no self-control to make the point, plato later puts the strongest argument for thrasymachus's position into the mouth of two characters who qualify as. Glaucon’s premises offer good logic and though they lack real merit, they do an effective job of presenting a strengthened argument in plato’s republic with the end of book ii the plot has thickened, and socrates will have to answer to a stronger challenge. Plato ii: objective values plato argued powerfully in favor of the objectivity of values such as truth, good, and beauty plato gives many arguments in opposition to protagoras' radical relativism another powerful image from plato's republic is the allegory of the cave it is the image of the limits of the human condition and the. Philosophical themes, arguments & ideas justice as the advantage of the stronger in book i of the republic, thrasymachus sets up a challenge to justicethrasymachus is a sophist, one of the teachers-for-hire who preached a creed of subjective morality to the wealthy sons of athens. A careful look at book x shows that plato's argument against mimesis has a clear structure again and again, he shows how mimesis works in painting, and then, on the assumption that dramatic poetry too is mimetic, he shows how mimesis functions in it.
Plato starts demonstrating his definition by taking some popular conceptions of what justice means and whether it is better to live a just life in book one the debate starts with a statement made by cephalus, an old, retired self-made manufacturer. In plato’s the republic, he unravels the definition of justice plato believed that a ruler could not be wholly just unless one was in a society that was also just plato did not believe in democracy, because it was democracy that killed socrates, his beloved teacher who was a just man and a philosopher. - introduction this essay discusses and clarifies a concept that is central to plato's argument in the republic — an argument in favour of the transcendent value of justice as a human good that justice informs and guides moral conduct.
Right vs wrong in plato’s republic, book 1, various interlocutors make arguments on the definition of justice cephalus proposes the definition of justice as “speaking the truth and paying whatever debts one has incurred” (plato, 331c. Summary thrasymachus is now out of the dialogue, having gracelessly told socrates that socrates was all along seeking to do thrasymachus personal injury in making him look bad in the argument and that socrates probably cheated somehow in achieving the final rebuttal. The principal characters in the republic are cephalus, polemarchus, thrasymachus, socrates, glaucon, and adeimantus cephalus appears in the introduction only, polemarchus drops at the end of the first argument, and thrasymachus is reduced to silence at the close of the first book the main.
Plato’s republic focuses on one particular question: is it better to be just or unjust plato begins to argue that injustice is never more profitable to a person than justice glaucon, however, is not satisfied and proposes a challenge to plato to prove that justice is intrinsically valuable and that living a just life is always superior. Indeed, socrates uses this function argument -- an argument, mind you, that is central to russell's account (see 119ff and 162ff in particular) -- to defend the view that the life of a just man is stronger, more profitable, and more conducive to happiness than that of an unjust man. However, it is an inconsistency in plato’s argument, since it suggests that corrupting material might possibly approach truth in life, and, naturally, it would follow, in artistic representation.